Since early 2020, average global ocean shipping costs have increased by around 600%. Shipping costs from China and Southeast Asia to the West Coast of the U.S. spiked by >10x.
But the trend toward larger PV wafers can partially offset higher costs. Modules based on 182 mm and 210 mm wafers have average packing densities around 40% higher than those based on 156.75 mm wafers.
Manufacturers of 210 mm-based modules significantly improved packing density during the past year, with the average power per 40’ (12 m) high cube container jumping to >340 kW in Q1 2022, an increase of almost 20% from 12 months earlier.
The data above is based on 40’ (12 m) high cube containers. Each series represents the range of power per container for a single module series based on its average module power.
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Source: Exawatt analysis of module datasheets.